TAŞKALE TAHIL AMBARLARI The Oldest Grain Warehouses

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There are so many extraordinary places in the world made by humans. Some were the output of need and some were the output of desire. Like all the great king palaces [These 10 Most Famous Marble Statues Will Surprise You By Their Story] were made out of desire but places like Derinkuyu were made out of need. In the same line, the people of Taskale village made small caves to shelter them but later they started using them as grain storage. Now this place became one of kind in the world and now attracts hundreds of thousands of visitors every year.

TAŞKALE TAHIL AMBARLARI Passage for visitors
TAŞKALE TAHIL AMBARLARI Passage for visitors

Taskale Tahil Ambarlari

800 YEARS OLD ground warehouse which is created from limestone and completely carved by human hands is located within the boundaries of Taşkale town, 45 km away from Karaman city center, Turkey.

Taşkale granaries are considered to be one of the rare and interesting architectural works of the world, as it is thought that there is no other place in the world with such a large number of rooms excavated on a steep slope.

The granaries, which are formed by carving a high rock mass made of clayey limestone, still preserve their characteristics as they were first made.

The depths of the warehouses up to 40-meter and height may differ. The newest grain barn was made 150 years ago, completely made with human hands.

These grain warehouses of high rock are carved inside, these grain barns are standing safe. Rocks are carved and used as signs and steps.

A small door around 50 to 60 cm square meters made from Ardıç tree is used to closed every cave. Wheat and barley were removed in sacks with the rope attached to the pasta on these doors. The limestone feature destroys moisture. Each barn has a capacity of 12 tons of grain with two rooms.

History of Taskale

People who came first into this region made shelters for themselves by digging the rocks. It is believed that first, a large two-storeyed place was excavated. This place is now used as a mosque.

After the region came under the domination of the Turks but the tradition was continued and more warehouses were excavated. A total of 352 warehouses were dug in approximately 750 years.

Functioning of Warehouses

A man is climbing with the help of small steps carved on the rock

The warehouses are carved with one or two rooms. It is reached by holding onto the niches on the rock surface, and grain products are transported by the chain roller system.

Clayey limestones have a property and ability to keep the temperature and humidity constant which makes this place suitable for grain storage.

That’s why the grain products can be stored for a long time without deterioration and serve the functions of today’s modern refrigerators grain stores where grains can be stored for 30 years without deterioration.

There are warehouses where 9 to 22 tons of grain can be stored. The local people used to store their grain here until 20 years ago. Each warehouse has an owner.

An analysis of the wheat put in 1974 and 4 years ago in 2014, it was tested again. It was found that only 2% deterioration happened in the grains. That means the wheat in the warehouses spoils only 5 percent in 100 years.

The temperature inside the caves remains almost the same throughout the years without any humidity. In the coldest weather in winter the temperature is around 13 degrees. In the summer, the temperature is 17 degrees. This keeps the grain safe for a long time.

The holders of the warehouses were removing the grains with a reel system. They were going up and down through the niches. The warehouses are no longer used today actively because villagers have no extra grains to storage as all the grains are sold out in the market. 300 thousand tons of wheat can be stored in the warehouses.

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