This world is full of amazing things and some of them are the cities that were abandoned due to some reason. The city abounded mostly for two reasons.
- Due to natural reason
1. Volcanic eruption (Pompeii),
2. Earth quack (Akrotiri in Santorini)
3. Submerged under the ocean (Lord Krishna city, The Dwarka in India)
4. Drought, Cities in Indus valley civilization
- Due to political interest, like an enemy attack or trade movement.
1. The Antinopolis,
2. The Delos Island, Greece
Here we are going to explore the 7 most amazing findings in Greek city, Pompeii.
Pompeii is an ancient city located in what is now the comune of Pompei near Naples of Italy. Pompeii, along with Herculaneum and many villas in the surrounding area was buried under 4 to 6 m of volcanic ash and pumice in the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in AD 79.
The city of Pompeii is mostly preserved due to the volcanic ash which laid over the city after the eruption. Pompeii offered a unique snapshot of Roman life, frozen at the moment it was buried and extraordinarily detailed insight into the everyday life of its inhabitants.
A wealthy town that possessed several fine buildings and comfortable houses with lavish decorations, and works of art which were the main attractions for the early excavators.
Pompeii is not only the city in Greece which destroyed due to volcanic eruption. Another bronze age site Akrotiri in Santorini was also destroyed through earth quack which followed by a volcanic eruption.
The chronology of volcanic events occurred on 24 and 25 August 79 AD. The first phase was of pumice rain (lapilli) lasting about 18 hours, allowing most inhabitants to escape.
The average diameter of the pumice fallout was 1 cm (0.4 in) and posed little direct threat to human life.
At some time in the night or early the next day, pyroclastic flows began near the volcano, consisting of high speed, dense, and very hot ash clouds.
That hot clouds destroyed completely or partly all structures came in their path.
It burned or suffocate the remaining people in the city and altered the landscape, including the coastline. By the evening of the second day, the eruption was over.
Kitchen in Pompeii
The kitchen is the most integral part of human life and it becomes very interesting when we want to know about the kitchen styles and cooking practices of ancient times.
A complete kitchen was discovered during the excavation in 1912 by the then Superintendent of Pompeii, Vittorio Spinazzola.
Initially, all the artifacts left in the original kitchen area, but later those were packed away in storage or placed them in glass display cabinets in different areas of the site.
But in the recent project, all the kitchen artifacts have been taken back to the original place where it was excavated.
It looks more appropriate as well as it gives visitors more lively feeling about the place and complete viewpoint of day-to-day life of the city.
This ancient kitchen was the three-story launderette, the Fullonica di Stephanus when functional.
The Fullonica was the place where rich Roman gentlemen sent their togas to be washed in huge baths using clay and urine. The garments were then rinsed, dried, and placed on special presses to ensure they returned to their noble owners crease-free.
Instead of using gas or electric hobs, the Romans cooked their food over specially-made troughs, in which beds of flaming charcoal were placed.
Hunks of meat, fish, and vegetables were then laid on grills directly over the coals, while soups and stews simmered away in pots and pans that were stood on special tripods to elevate them above the hot embers.
The Last Bread
A bread that was baked in 79 AD, probably baked just before the volcanic eruption, found in an archaeological excavation is known as Herculaneum loaf.
The loaf was discovered from a villa owned by Quintus Granius Verus, and it also proved the ownership of the villa due to being stamped.
The dough of the bread has been analyzed and it is known to be sourdough bread and a recipe was created after analyzing the bread.
The loaf has been cut before being baked. The cuts divided the bread into wedges which made the bread easier to share.
The bread had been tied with a string to make it easier to carry and to make each bread of the same size. The location where the string was can be clearly seen from a line going around the side of the bread.
The loaf is stamped with a text “Of Celer, slave of [Quintus] Granius Verus”.
Roman Brothel Toilet
It’s a pretty basic one-hole frame design. A chamber pot would be placed below the hole, and then taken out and emptied into the sewer immediately outside.
So, it’s an indoor toilet, but no indoor plumbing. This type of basic toilet is quite different from bathrooms today, which are likely to have air fresheners or fresh cut Avas Flowers to eliminate odours.
Ancient Romans grew roses, crocus, lily, gladioli, iris, and poppy which are still used in many Avas Flowers bouquets today.
Europeans didn’t have toilet paper until recently. The Romans, at least the higher classes, used a tersorium, also called a xylospongium, a sponge mounted on a stick.
The sponge could be dipped into a water channel running in front of the row of communal toilets in the latrine and rinsed off in that channel after use. If there was no channel of running water, a bucket of saltwater or vinegar water would be used.
Many houses in the ancient Pompeii may have headed upstairs toilets as well, revealed by the latest studies. Vertical pipes leading to lost second stories strongly suggest that there were once toilets up there.
The City Market of Pompeii
The Macellum of Pompeii is located outside the northeast corner of the forum. Macellum was a large commercial shopping area for food and other necessities for city people.
People visited Macellum on a daily basis or need basis. It was filled with persistent shopkeepers as well as customers arguing about prices and merchandise.
It was designed by considering the day temperature which is a threat to perishable food during the afternoon and midday. The shops, therefore, whenever possible face north and are located on the north side of the building, where they open out onto the street instead of the building’s courtyard.
It was believed as Pantheon when first discovered due to twelve column design. But on later excavation remains of cereals and fruits were discovered in the north side of the building and fish scales and bones in the middle of the courtyard, the archeologists realized that this was a market.
The Amphitheatre of Pompeii is the oldest surviving Roman amphitheater was buried by the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 AD.
Built around 70 BC, the current remain is the earliest Roman amphitheatre known to have been built of stone; previously, they had been built out of wood was used for shows that involved violence.
Around 59 AD, a deadly brawl occurred between Pompeiians and residents of Nuceria during games in the amphitheatre, resulting in a 10-year ban on such events.
Ludit ager is a sports field in Ancient Pompeii where people of city played their sports which includes boxing, wrestling, running, discus, javelin, running, and swimming.
It is an iconic image that conveys the human dimension of one of the world’s worst natural disasters that still resonates 2,000 years later.
Two bodies found wrapped in a poignant embrace in their final moments as they were covered beneath molten rock and layers of ash in the ancient city of Pompeii when Mount Vesuvius violently erupted in 79 A.D.
The bodies were dubbed “The Two Maidens” when they were first discovered but in a startling discovery this week scientists found the two bodies were actually male – raising speculation that they may have been gay lovers.
Interesting Read: Do You Want to Know About the 2800 Years Old Kiss of Hasanlu Lovers
The House of the Lovers
A home at Pompeii known as ‘The House of the Lovers’ the most celebrated building in the city.
The name of the house derives from an inscription which refers to the sweetness of love. Above a fresco of a duck located in this house, is a most delightful philosophical phrase written in Latin.
‘Amantes ut apes vitam melitam exigent’
‘Lovers, like bees, make life as sweet as honey’
In the ruins of the city, The House of Lovers has become a popular romantic tourist destination for those in Love.
It was closed for the visitors after the severe damage in 1980 earth quack has been reopened recently.