Many times it seems that whatever information we have collected about the evolution of human beings does not seem completely correct. According to what we have been taught, whatever scientific development has been done, done by modern humans only. Prehistoric humans of the past used to do hunting and gathering only.
But as we continue to make archaeological discoveries, we understand that even ancient humans were very knowledgeable and they had made many discoveries that we cannot even guess.
According to one Indian scholar Balganga Dhar Tilak, ancient humans were aware about the pole’s 6-month day and night phenomenon which he has described in his book “The Arctic Home in the Vedas”. However, poles were discovered in the 18th century. Then how ancient humans had this knowledge?
How Piri Reis could draw a map with the help of six ancient maps which is known as the Piri Reis map that showed the Antarctica territory without ice. How ancient people could draw such a complex map?
In the same way, scholars from the University of Edinburgh have studied prehistoric caves and temples and concluded that prehistoric humans had great knowledge about astronomy. They recorded the events like meteoroid collision with the earth in their cave paintings.
Martin B. Sweatman & Alistair Coombs from the University of Edinburgh have studied and provided a hypothesis for Ancient Knowledge of Precession of the Equinoxes.
What is This Study About?
The findings suggest that ancient people understood an effect caused by the gradual shift of the Earth’s rotational axis. Discovery of this phenomenon, called precession of the equinoxes, was previously credited to the ancient Greeks
The findings indicate that the astronomical insights of ancient people were far greater than previously believed. Their knowledge may have aided navigation of the open seas, with implications for our understanding of prehistoric human migration.
Whats is Ancient Knowledge of Precession of the Equinoxes Hypothesis?
An interpretation which has been provided for Neolithic Gobekli Tepe and Catalhoyuk as well as European Palaeolithic cave art, it appears all display the same method for recording dates based on the precession of the equinoxes, with animal symbols representing an ancient zodiac sign.
In particular, the Shaft Scene at Lascaux is found to have a similar meaning to the Vulture Stone at Gobekli Tepe. Both can be viewed as records of catastrophic events with the Taurid meteor stream, consistent with Clube and Napier’s theory of coherent catastrophism. The date of the likely comet strike recorded at Lascaux is 15,150 BC to within 200 years, corresponding closely to the onset of a climate event recorded in a Greenland ice core.
Decoding Göbekli Tepe
Several stone pillars at Göbekli Tepe, probably constructed after the Younger Dryas event and before the so-called Neolithic revolution, circa 10,000 BC, were decoded. Pillar 43 provided the statistical key for this interpretation. Essentially, the date carved into the Vulture Stone is interpreted to be 10,950 BC, to within 250 years. This date is written using precession of the equinoxes, with animal symbols representing star constellations corresponding to the four solstices and equinoxes of this year.
Idea Behind this Calculation
The images of animals on Pillar 43 have not made randomly, rather specific precession has been taken during the creation and position of these images and that precession is the key to understand the age of Gobekii tepe. Researches have understood that the position of the animals on the Piller is related to the constellation position in the sky. Researches have reverse calculated the date when all the constellation related to the Piller 43 animal images were at the same place in the sky as they are placed on the pillar now.
Decoding the Lascaux Shaft Scene
The Shaft contains only a limited number of figures: eight in all. Four are figures of animals (a horse, a bison, a bird, and a rhinoceros) and three others are geometric shapes (dots and hooks). In the center of the composition, the eye is drawn to a human figure.
Noting the bison/aurochs and duck/goose symbols in the Shaft Scene, we immediately find the following;
Bison/aurochs = Capricornus = summer solstice between 15,350 and 13,000 BC
Duck/goose = Libra = spring equinox between 15,700 and 14,100 BC.
Therefore, this scene might represent a date anywhere between 15,350 and 14,100 BC.
With the help of software and deep analysis of these ancient artifacts, researchers could give a new dimension for the ancient cave art. Earlier those images were just the symbol of hunting and gathering, now giving a completely different insight and adding a new chapter in the understanding of prehistoric humans.
This has been successful research as age defined by carbon dating and age calculated by this method is almost the same.
In the case of Lascaux Shaft Scene, the age of the images is 15,150 BC to within 200 years. And, in the case of Pillar 43, the Vulture Stone, at Göbekli Tepe, found age is 10,950 BC to within 250 years, which agrees with the known date of the Younger Dryas event.
These findings support a theory of multiple comet impacts over the course of human development, and will probably revolutionize how prehistoric populations are seen
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