The Supreme Court has given its verdict on the Ram temple conflict in Ayodhya. With this Supreme court verdict, the dispute that had been going on for 50 years was also resolved. The Archaeological Survey of India has submitted several pieces of evidence that prove to be a temple beneath the controversial structure of the mosque. But do you know that there is another important evidence which played an important role in proving the date of the temple before Babri Masjid? It is known as the Vishnu-Hari inscription which has considered as a piece of evidence in this case.
What is Vishnu-Hari Inscription?
The Vishnu Hari inscription is the name given to a Sanskrit language inscription found in the Uttar Pradesh state of India. It records the construction of a temple by Anayachandra, a feudatory of the king named Govindachandra, and also contains a eulogy of Anayachandra’s dynasty.
The most important internal historical information we get from this epigraph is the mention of Govindachandra, obviously of the Gahadavala dynasty, who ruled over a fairly vast empire from 1114 to 1155 A.D.
The Vishnu-Hari inscription contains 20 lines with 29 Sanskrit verses.
How was the Vishnu-Hari Inscription found?
During the demolition of the Babri mosque in December 1992, three inscriptions on the stone were found. The most important one is the Vishnu-Hari inscription inscribed on a 1.10 x .56 meter slab with 20 lines that were provisionally dated to ca. 1140.
What does it Mean?
The inscription is composed in high-flown Sanskrit verse, except for a small portion in prose, and is engraved in the chaste and classical Nagari script of the eleventh-twelfth century AD.
It was evidently put up on the wall of the temple, the construction of which is recorded in the text inscribed on it.
Line 15 of this inscription, for example, clearly tells us that a beautiful temple of Vishnu-Hari, built with heaps of stone and beautified with a golden spire unparalleled by any other temple built by earlier kings was constructed.
Line 19 describes god Vishnu as destroying king Bali (apparently in the Vamana manifestation) and the ten-headed personage (Dasanana (Ten Headed Demon), i.e., Ravana).
Below temples, as well was converted to Mosque
- KRISHNA JANMASTHAN as well Converted to Mosque. A Bitter Truth
- Do You Know Kashi Vishwanath Jyotirlinga as well was Converted to Mosque?
- A Saraswati Temple – Converted into a Mosque by Muslim Invaders
- Vishnu-Hari Inscription which Played an Important Role in the Ayodhya Verdict
Why it was Important for Verdict?
The report of these verses has included in the Supreme court verdict report on page number 639.
During the course of the trial, the plaintiffs of Suit 5 claimed that the above inscription was recovered on 6/7 December 1992 from the debris of the disputed structure which was demolished. The inscription is in stone with a dimension of 115cm X 55cm.Supereme Court Verdict Report P No 639 & 640
Dr. Ramesh submitted a report about the inscription. The report stated thus:
The text of the inscription is written in fairly chaste Sanskrit, the orthographical features being regular for the period to which the inscription belongs, namely the middle of the 12th Century A.D. The inscription is not in any way dated, but maySupereme Court Verdict Report P No 641
be assigned, with confidence, to the middle of the 12th Century on palaeographical grounds as well as the internal evidence provided by the inscriptional text in question.
Dr. Ramesh’s report fully confirms the construction of the Ram temple in the 12th century. While Babur built the mosque in the 15th century. This means that the temple is at least three centuries older than the mosque (although the temple is even older than this).
Few Important Verses from Inscription
Verse 21: Construction of the temple
The Anayachandra or Meghasuta erected this beautiful temple of Vishnu-Hari, in a bid to find the easiest way to cross over “the ocean of worldly attachments” (i.e. attain moksha or salvation). The temple was built using blocks of large sculpted stones: no preceding king had built a temple on this scale. The shikhara(spire) of the temple was adorned with a golden kalasha (cupola).
Verse 27: Different Incarnation of the Vishnu
Verse 27 (damaged in part) alludes to the episodes of Vishnu‘s incarnation as Narasimha (who killed Hirnyakasipu), Krishna (who killed Banasura), Vamana (who destroyed Bali) and Rama (who killed ten-headed Ravana).
We often heard that history repeats itself but what if we don’t have any evidence of history itself, how are we going to identify that history is repeating now? Our ancestors had a very good habit to inscribe important information of their time on the walls whether it is a temple wall or fort wall and any community center wall.
And see, due to one of an ancient inscription, it got proved in the court that there was temple at-least three centuries older than the mosque. In the same way, it is yet to prove for Kashi Vishwanath Jyotirlinga which was converted to the Mosque as well in the 12th century. After learning all this event, it is our responsibility to learn and save our culture and history. Our ancestors had done their job in an excellent way. Now it is our turn to preserve our culture and heritage.
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